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Influence of Knee-to-Feet Jump Training on Vertical Jump and Hang Clean Performance

Stark, Laura; Pickett, Karla; Bird, Michael; King, Adam C.

Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research: November 2016 - Volume 30 - Issue 11 - p 3084–3089
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000001403
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Stark, L, Pickett, K, Bird, M, and King, AC. Influence of knee-to-feet jump training on vertical jump and hang clean performance. J Strength Cond Res 30(11): 3084–3089, 2016—From a motor learning perspective, the practice/training environment can result in positive, negative, or neutral transfer to the testing conditions. The purpose of this study was to examine the training effect of a novel movement (knee-to-feet [K2F] jumps) and whether a 6-week training program induced a positive transfer effect to other power-related movements (vertical jump and hang clean [HC]). Twenty-six intercollegiate athletes from power-emphasized sports were paired and counter-balanced into a control (i.e., maintained their respective sport-specific lifting regimen) or an experimental group (i.e., completed a 6-week progressive training program of K2F jumps in addition to respective lifting regimen). A pre- and posttest design was used to investigate the effect of training on K2F jump height and transfer effect to vertical jump height (VJH) and 2-repetition maximum (RM) HC performance. A significant increase in K2F jump height was found for the experimental group. Vertical jump height significantly increased from pre- to posttest but no group or interaction (group × time) effect was found, and there were nonsignificant differences for HC. Posttest data showed significant correlations between all pairs of the selected exercises with the highest correlation between K2F jump height and VJ H (R2 = 0.40) followed by VJH and 2RM HC (R2 = 0.38) and 2RM HC and K2F jump height (R2 = 0.23). The results suggest that K2F jump training induced the desired learning effect but was specific to the movement in that no effect of transfer occurred to the other power-related movements. This finding is value for strength and condition professionals who design training programs to enhance athletic performance.

1Health and Exercise Science Department, Truman State University, Kirksville, Missouri; and

2Department of Kinesiology, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth, TX

Address correspondence to Dr. Adam C. King, a.king@tcu.edu.

Copyright © 2016 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.