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Gender Preference? National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I Student-Athletes and Strength and Conditioning Coaches

Shuman, Kristin M.; Appleby, Karen M.

Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research: October 2016 - Volume 30 - Issue 10 - p 2924–2933
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000001384
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Shuman, KM and Appleby, KM. Gender Preference? National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I Student-Athletes and Strength and Conditioning Coaches. J Strength Cond Res 30(10): 2924–2933, 2016—The purpose of this study was to examine the preferences and attitudes of National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I (DI) junior and senior class student-athletes toward the gender of their strength and conditioning coach (SCC). This study contributes to the empirical body of literature regarding student-athlete and strength and conditioning coach interaction specific to gender-related information and extends the efforts to increase student-athlete success. A qualitative framework was used for this study. Semistructured interviews were conducted with 10 NCAA DI junior or senior class student-athletes who had been exposed to and coached by both a male and a female SCC. The results of this study concluded that, in general, participants did not have a specific gender preference for their SCC. However, participants indicated a preference for a coaching leadership style, which conveyed (a) leadership ability, (b) professionalism, (c) trust and respect, (d) support, (e) dependability, (f) positive relationship, and (g) personality.

Department of Sport Science and Physical Education, Idaho State University, Pocatello, Idaho

Address correspondence to Kristin M. Shuman, kehrkris@isu.edu.

Copyright © 2016 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.