Efficacy of a Ventilatory Training Mask to Improve Anaerobic and Aerobic Capacity in Reserve Officers' Training Corps CadetsSellers, John H.; Monaghan, Taylor P.; Schnaiter, Jessica A.; Jacobson, Bert H.; Pope, Zachary K.The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: April 2016 - Volume 30 - Issue 4 - p 1155–1160 doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000001184 Original Research Abstract Author Information Sellers, JH, Monaghan, TP, Schnaiter, JA, Jacobson, BH, and Pope, ZK. Efficacy of a ventilatory training mask to improve anaerobic and aerobic capacity in reserve officers' training corps cadets. J Strength Cond Res 30(4): 1155–1160, 2016—The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of a ventilatory training mask to improve anaerobic and aerobic fitness in reserve officers' training corps (ROTC) cadets. Seventeen ROTC cadets from a Midwest university completed pre- and postassessments consisting of anthropometry, a 30-second Wingate Anaerobic Test (WAnT), and a maximal aerobic capacity test (V[Combining Dot Above]O2max). A 6-week intervention training period was used during which time participants completed their mandatory physical training (PT) sessions. Participants were randomly assigned to either the experimental group (MASK; n = 9) or the control group (CON; n = 8). The ventilatory training masks were adjusted to simulate an altitude of 2,750 m. There was no significant effect (p ≤ 0.05) between groups on fatigue index, anaerobic capacity, peak power, V[Combining Dot Above]O2max, or time to exhaustion. These results suggest that the use of the ventilatory training mask during mandatory PT did not elicit superior aerobic or anaerobic adaptations in ROTC cadets. Therefore, it is recommended that more established simulated altitude training methods be used when incorporating intermittent hypoxic training. Health and Human Performance Department, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma Address correspondence to John H. Sellers, email@example.com. Copyright © 2016 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.