Brief ReviewOptimal Physical Training During Military Basic Training PeriodSanttila, Matti1; Pihlainen, Kai2; Viskari, Jarmo2; Kyröläinen, Heikki1,3 Author Information 1Department of Leadership and Military Pedagogy, National Defence University, Helsinki, Finland; 2Training Division of Defence Command, Defence Forces, Helsinki, Finland; and 3Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland Address correspondence to Matti Santtila, [email protected]. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research: November 2015 - Volume 29 - Issue - p S154-S157 doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000001035 Buy Metrics Abstract Santtila, M, Pihlainen, K, Viskari, J, and Kyröläinen, H. Optimal physical training during military basic training period. J Strength Cond Res 29(11S): S154–S157, 2015—The goal for military basic training (BT) is to create a foundation for physical fitness and military skills of soldiers. Thereafter, more advanced military training can safely take place. Large differences in the initial physical performance of conscripts or recruits have led military units to develop more safe and effective training programs. The purpose of this review article was to describe the limiting factors of optimal physical training during the BT period. This review revealed that the high volume of low-intensity physical activity combined with endurance-type military training (like combat training, prolonged physical activity, and field shooting) during BT interferes with optimal development of maximal oxygen uptake and muscle strength of the soldiers. Therefore, more progressive, periodized, and individualized training programs are needed. In conclusion, optimal training programs lead to higher training responses and lower risks for injuries and overloading. Copyright © 2015 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.