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Graduated Compression Sleeves: Effects on Metabolic Removal and Neuromuscular Performance

Martorelli, Saulo S.1; Martorelli, André S.1; Pereira, Maria C.1; Rocha-Junior, Valdinar A.1; Tan, Jeremy G.2; Alvarenga, José G.1; Brown, Lee E.2; Bottaro, Martim1

The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: May 2015 - Volume 29 - Issue 5 - p 1273–1278
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000000401
Original Research

Martorelli, SS, Martorelli, AS, Pereira, MC, Rocha-Junior, VA, Tan, JG, Alvarenga, JG, Brown, LE, and Bottaro, M. Graduated compression sleeves: Effects on metabolic removal and neuromuscular performance. J Strength Cond Res 29(5): 1273–1278, 2015—The aim of this study was to examine the effects of upper-body graduated compression sleeves (CS) on neuromuscular and metabolic responses during a power training. Fifteen resistance trained men (age: 23.07 ± 3.92 years; body mass: 76.13 ± 7.62 kg; height: 177 ± 6 cm) performed 2 separate power training protocols, either wearing CS or placebo sleeves (PS), in a counterbalanced fashion. Participants first performed a familiarization session and a bench press 1 repetition maximum (1RM) test. The training protocol consisted of 6 sets of 6 repetitions of bench press with a load of 50% 1RM. Statistical analysis compared mean power, peak power, blood lactate, muscle activation, isometric strength, and repetitions to failure. Mean and peak power significantly (p ≤ 0.05) decreased with increasing sets. However, there was no significant difference (p > 0.05) on mean and peak power between protocols. Blood lactate clearance was also not significantly different (p > 0.05) between CS and PS. Muscle activation was not different between PRE and POST (p > 0.05) for any of the muscles analyzed. Isometric strength decreased from PRE to POST (p ≤ 0.05) and was not different between CS and PS. Repetitions to failure were not different between protocols (p > 0.05). These results demonstrate no positive performance effects when wearing graduated CS during power exercise in young trained men.

1College of Physical Education, University of Brasilia (UnB), Brasilia, Brazil; and

2Department of Kinesiology, California State University, Fullerton, California

Address correspondence to Saulo S. Martorelli,

Copyright © 2015 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.