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Weightlifting Performance Is Related to Kinematic and Kinetic Patterns of the Hip and Knee Joints

Kipp, Kristof1; Redden, Josh2; Sabick, Michelle B.3; Harris, Chad4

The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: July 2012 - Volume 26 - Issue 7 - p 1838–1844
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e318239c1d2
Original Research

Kipp, K, Redden, J, Sabick, MB, and Harris, C. Weightlifting performance is related to kinematic and kinetic patterns of the hip and knee joints. J Strength Cond Res 26(7): 1838–1844, 2012—The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlations between biomechanical outcome measures and weightlifting performance. Joint kinematics and kinetics of the hip, knee, and ankle were calculated while 10 subjects performed a clean at 85% of 1 repetition maximum (1RM). Kinematic and kinetic time-series patterns were extracted with principal components analysis. Discrete scores for each time-series pattern were calculated and used to determine how each pattern was related to body mass–normalized 1RM. Two hip kinematic and 2 knee kinetic patterns were significantly correlated with relative 1RM. The kinematic patterns captured hip and trunk motions during the first pull and hip joint motion during the movement transition between the first and second pulls. The first kinetic pattern captured a peak in the knee extension moment during the second pull. The second kinetic pattern captured a spatiotemporal shift in the timing and amplitude of the peak knee extension moment. The kinematic results suggest that greater lift mass was associated with steady trunk position during the first pull and less hip extension motion during the second-knee bend transition. Further, the kinetic results suggest that greater lift mass was associated with a smaller knee extensor moments during the first pull, but greater knee extension moments during the second pull, and an earlier temporal transition between knee flexion-extension moments at the beginning of the second pull. Collectively, these results highlight the importance of controlled trunk and hip motions during the first pull and rapid employment of the knee extensor muscles during the second pull in relation to weightlifting performance.

1Department of Physical Therapy, Marquette University, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

2USA Weightlifting, Colorado Springs, Colarado

3Department of Mechanical and Biomedical Engineering, Boise State University, Boise, Idaho

4School of Allied Health, Western New Mexico University, Silver City, New Mexico

Address correspondence to Kristof Kipp,

© 2012 National Strength and Conditioning Association