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A Reliable Method for Assessing Rotational Power

Andre, Matthew J1; Fry, Andrew C1; Heyrman, Melissa A1; Hudy, Andrea2; Holt, Brady2; Roberts, Cody2; Vardiman, J. Phillip1; Gallagher, Philip M1

The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: March 2012 - Volume 26 - Issue 3 - p 720-724
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e318227664d

Andre, MJ, Fry, AC, Heyrman, MA, Hudy, A, Holt, B, Roberts, C, Vardiman, JP, and Gallagher, PM. A reliable method for assessing rotational power. J Strength Cond Res 26(3): 720–724, 2012—Rotational core training is said to be beneficial for rotational power athletes. Currently, there has been no method proposed for the reliable assessment of rotational power. Therefore, our purpose was to determine the test-retest reliability of kinetic and kinematic rotational characteristics of a pulley system when performing a rotational exercise of the axial skeleton in the transverse plane to find out if this would be a reliable tool for evaluating rotational power. Healthy, college-aged men (n = 8) and women (n = 15) reported for 3 testing sessions. The participants were seated on a box, and they held the handle with both arms extended in front of their body, starting their motion with their torso rotated toward the machine. All the participants rotated their torso forcefully until they reached 180° of rotation, and they then slowly returned to the starting position, 3 times per trial, with 3 loads: 9% body weight (BW), 12% BW, and 15% BW. The repetition with the greatest power for each trial for each load was analyzed. The mean peak power repetition (watts) for all the subjects was 20.09 ± 7.16 (9% BW), 26.17 ± 8.6 (12% BW), and 30.74 ± 11.022 (15% BW) in the first training session and 22.3 ± 8.087 (9% BW), 28.7 ± 11.295 (12% BW), and 33.52 ± 12.965 (15% BW) in the second training session with intraclass correlation coefficients of 0.97 (9%BW), 0.94 (12%BW), and 0.95 (15%BW). When the participants were separated by sex, there were no significant differences between groups. Based on these results, it was found that a pulley system and an external dynamometer can be used together as a reliable research tool to assess rotational power.

1Department of Health, Sport, and Exercise Sciences, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas; and 2Department of Athletics, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas

Address correspondence to Matthew J. Andre,

© 2012 National Strength and Conditioning Association