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The Effects of Low Fat Chocolate Milk on Postexercise Recovery in Collegiate Athletes

Spaccarotella, Kim J; Andzel, Walter D

The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: December 2011 - Volume 25 - Issue 12 - p 3456-3460
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3182163071
Original Research

Spaccarotella, KJ and Andzel, WD. The effects of low fat chocolate milk on postexercise recovery in collegiate athletes. J Strength Cond Res 25(12): 3456–3460, 2011—Drinking chocolate milk between exercise sessions may improve recovery. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of low fat chocolate milk vs. a carbohydrate–electrolyte beverage (CE) on recovery between preseason practice sessions among 5 male and 8 female Division III soccer players. The study used a randomized crossover design: between morning and afternoon practices, athletes received either an amount of chocolate milk that provided 1 g carbohydrate per kilogram body weight or an equal volume of CE (mean volume of 615 ± 101 ml). After their afternoon practice, they completed a shuttle run to fatigue. Data were analyzed using the Wilcoxon paired rank-sign test (for shuttle run time) and the paired samples t-test (for dietary intake). No significant differences in run time were reported for the group. For the men only, there was a trend of increased time to fatigue with chocolate milk compared with the CE (exact p = 0.03). Low fat chocolate milk may therefore be as good as a CE at promoting recovery between training sessions during preseason.

1Department of Physical Education, Recreation and Health, Kean University, Union, New Jersey; and 2Department of Biological Sciences, Kean University, Union, New Jersey

Address correspondence to Kim J. Spaccarotella,

Copyright © 2011 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.