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Impact Force and Time Analysis Influenced by Execution Distance in a Roundhouse Kick to the Head in Taekwondo

Estevan, Isaac1; Álvarez, Octavio2; Falco, Coral1; Molina-García, Javier3; Castillo, Isabel4

The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: October 2011 - Volume 25 - Issue 10 - p 2851-2856
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e318207ef72
Original Research

Estevan, I, Álvarez, O, Falco, C, Molina-García, J, and Castillo, I. Impact force and time analysis influenced by execution distance in a roundhouse kick to the head in Taekwondo. J Strength Cond Res 25(10): 2851–2856, 2011—The execution distance is a tactic factor that affects mechanical performance and execution technique in taekwondo. This study analyzes the roundhouse kick to the head by comparing the maximum impact force, execution time, and impact time in 3 distances according to the athletes' competition level. It also analyzes the relationship between impact force and weight in each group. It examines whether the execution distance affects the maximum impact force, execution time, and impact time, in each level group or 2 different competition levels. Participants were 27 male taekwondo players (13 medallists and 14 nonmedallists). The medallists executed the roundhouse kick to the head with greater impact force and in a shorter execution time than did the nonmedallists when they kicked from any distance different to their combat distance. However, the results showed that the execution distance is influential in the execution time and impact time in the nonmedallist group. It is considered appropriate to orientate the high-level competitors to train for offensive actions from any distance similar to the long execution distance because it offers equally effectiveness and a greater security against the opponent. Also, practitioners should focus their training to improve time performance because it is more affected by distance than impact force.

1Department of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, Catholic University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain; 2Cheste Sport Medicine Center, Valencia Sports Council, Valencian International University, Valencia, Spain; 3Department of Music, Plastic and Body Expression University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain; and 4Department of Social Psychology, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain

Address correspondence to Isaac Estevan,

© 2011 National Strength and Conditioning Association