The annual National Football League (NFL) Combine is a collection of the top 300 professional football prospects undergoing a series of physiological tests related to American football. In recent years the NFL Combine has undergone criticism that it may not accurately reflect competitive performance. Previous research has demonstrated mixed results of Combine performance predicting draft status and future playing performance. PURPOSE: The purpose of this investigation was to determine the role of competitive performance indicators and Combine performance indicators as a predictor towards eventual draft status. METHODS: This retrospective study used archived data to determine the competitive performance, Combine performance, and draft status of the running backs selected in the 2009 NFL Draft. Players from NCAA FBS (formerly Division IA) schools that were selected by professional teams in the seven-round draft (n = 15) were analyzed. Competitive performance measures of total yards (TY), yards per carry (YC), and touchdowns (TD) were retrieved from statistics of their final year of collegiate eligibility. Combine performance measures in the 40-yard dash (FT) and predicted sprint power (P1, P2) were determined from official Combine or pro day results. Draft status was determined via the rank order of selection (1-15). A Pearson product moment correlation coefficient (R) was used to determine relationships between competitive performance, combine performance, and draft status. Significant correlations were determined at p 0.05. RESULTS: Using Pearson's correlation it was determined that the strongest predictors of draft status were sprint power (P1, P2; R = −0.88 and R = −0.96, respectively), however these relationships were not significant (p>0.05). A significant moderate relationship was determined between TY and draft status (R = −0.66, p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study demonstrate that the primary predictor of draft status of running backs selected in the 2009 NFL Draft is a measure of competitive playing performance (TY). NFL teams still value on-field performance indicators as determined by the significant relationship between collegiate success at the running back position and eventual ranking in the draft. RESULTS from the Combine may supplement the talent evaluation process used by NFL teams. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: Sport scientists should not overly value combine tests as greater predictors of success than on-field performance. Previous research has demonstrated that the 40-yard dash time for running backs is the best predictor of playing performance regardless of draft status. Future examinations on a larger subset of participants from different positions could be beneficial to future predictions of performance. Furthermore, the inclusion of a sprint power calculation may potentially offer the greatest predictor of draft status with a larger pool of subjects.