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Effect of Different Rest Intervals After Whole-Body Vibration on Vertical Jump Performance

Dabbs, Nicole C1; Muñoz, Colleen X1; Tran, Tai T1; Brown, Lee E1; Bottaro, Martim2

The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: March 2011 - Volume 25 - Issue 3 - p 662-667
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e318207eafc
Original Research

Dabbs, NC, Muñoz, CX, Tran, TT, Brown, LE, and Bottaro, M. Effect of different rest intervals after whole-body vibration on vertical jump performance. J Strength Cond Res 25(3): 662-667, 2011-Whole-body vibration (WBV) may potentiate vertical jump (VJ) performance via augmented muscular strength and motor function. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of different rest intervals after WBV on VJ performance. Thirty recreationally trained subjects (15 men and 15 women) volunteered to participate in 4 testing visits separated by 24 hours. Visit 1 acted as a familiarization visit where subjects were introduced to the VJ and WBV protocols. Visits 2-4 contained 2 randomized conditions per visit with a 10-minute rest period between conditions. The WBV was administered on a pivotal platform with a frequency of 30 Hz and an amplitude of 6.5 mm in 4 bouts of 30 seconds for a total of 2 minutes with 30 seconds of rest between bouts. During WBV, subjects performed a quarter squat every 5 seconds, simulating a countermovement jump (CMJ). Whole-body vibration was followed by 3 CMJs with 5 different rest intervals: immediate, 30 seconds, 1 minute, 2 minutes, or 4 minutes. For a control condition, subjects performed squats with no WBV. There were no significant (p > 0.05) differences in peak velocity or relative ground reaction force after WBV rest intervals. However, results of VJ height revealed that maximum values, regardless of rest interval (56.93 ± 13.98 cm), were significantly (p < 0.05) greater than the control condition (54.44 ± 13.74 cm). Therefore, subjects' VJ height potentiated at different times after WBV suggesting strong individual differences in optimal rest interval. Coaches may use WBV to enhance acute VJ performance but should first identify each individual's optimal rest time to maximize the potentiating effects.

1Kinesiology Department, Human Performance, Laboratory, California State University, Fullerton, California; and 2College of Physical Education, University of Brasília, Brasília, Brazil

Address correspondence to Lee E. Brown,

© 2011 National Strength and Conditioning Association