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Quantifying Core Stability: A Technical Report

Liemohn, Wendell P1; Baumgartner, Ted A2; Fordham, Sabrina R2; Srivatsan, Abhaya1

The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: February 2010 - Volume 24 - Issue 2 - p 575-579
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181cbab14
Technical Report

Liemohn, WP, Baumgartner, TA, Fordham, SR, and Srivatsan, A. Quantifying core stability: a technical report. J Strength Cond Res 24(2): 575-579, 2010-In prior research, we used 4 stability platform tests as a measurement of core stability and found that scores on the third and fourth days of testing were essentially the same for each of the 4 tests. Lafayette Instrument Co. subsequently made us a prototype stability platform to enhance this research. The purpose of the present research was to determine the effect of changes in (1) equipment and (2) number of test administrations on test reliability. We also increased the number of test administrations on each day from 5 to 10 but only used the quadruped arm raise test. The subjects were 25 university students; each was tested on 10 trials of 30-seconds duration on 4 different days to enable us to study the learning effect. All 10 trials for the first day, as well as the first trial on the 3 subsequent days of testing, were used as practice trials. Trials 2 to 6 on testing days 2 to 4 were chosen for the data analysis. With 5 trials, the maximum score attainable was 150 seconds.; the means were 125 for day 2 and 132 for both days 3 and 4. Internal consistency intraclass reliability coefficients based on a 1-way analysis of variance model and a criterion score, which was the sum or mean of trials 2 to 6 for days 2 to 4, were 0.89, 0.95, and 0.92, respectively. Stability reliabilities were 0.76 and 0.92 for day 2 versus day 3 and day 3 versus day 4, respectively. Although we had hoped to show that only 2 days of testing would be required in future research, because of learning effect, 3 will be needed.

1Department of Exercise, Sport, and Leisure Studies, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee; and 2Department of Kinesiology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia

Address correspondence to Dr. Wendell Liemohn,

© 2010 National Strength and Conditioning Association