With the purpose of reducing fall-related accidents in the elderly, we not only developed, based on the opinions of community residents, original exercise programs, but also revised existing programs designed for athletes, and examined their effects on the physical strength of the elderly and posture improvement in an upright position. Between November and March 2006, we held a fall prevention school 15 times in Sadowara Town, Miyazaki City, Miyazaki Prefecture. Participants were elderly people aged sixty-five years or older, including 14 members from Group A (Group Vigor) and five candidates for leaders (19 in total) (74.32 ± 6.15) as well as 16 members from Group B (Group Energy) (80.65 ± 6.38); they were divided into two groups according to the time taken to stand up from a sitting position: Groups A (Group Vigor: about three seconds) and B (Group Energy: about five seconds). 1. Full body stretch (ten types) 2. Originally-developed fall prevention exercise (Two kinds of Exercise for Healthy Elderly and for Frail Elderly) 3. Walking training (Light Walking) 1) Walking on heels, toes, with long strides, and while being conscious of the thighs and waist (two types of walking training for each of eleven exercise levels) 2) Training using equipment - Ladder Drills (nineteen types) and low hurdles (three types for each of three exercise levels) 4. Muscle training (using five types of ceramic band and three types of small ball) 5. Aerobic exercise (Step Up for Your Health) We filmed the participants to record their postures from the front and back (frontal plane), using a digital video camera, before and after exercise sessions. We used image analysis software, Dartfish (Dartfish Co., Ltd), to examine the positions of the following body parts and the angles between them: the head, trunk, lower limbs, shoulders, hips, and the area between the top of the head and heels. We assessed the physical fitness of the elderly before and after the training sessions. In Group A, improvements were observed for all eleven items, and significant differences were shown regarding seven items. In Group B, improvements were observed for seven items, and marked differences were shown regarding two items. The results demonstrated an overall increase in the physical function of the elderly in both groups. However, smaller improvements were made in Group B, compared to A, particularly in lower limb function. This is probably because most elderly in Group B participated in programs that did not require vigorous exercise, including a light exercise session. We revised existing programs, which were designed to train athletes, for the elderly, and implemented them along with our originally-developed exercise programs. Significant improvements were observed for five of the six assessment items in the examination on the frontal plane, and the level of exercise performance was increased in most elderly people. The exercise programs were designed to improve the sense of equilibrium in the elderly by training the muscles on the both sides of their bodies evenly, and they proved to be effective. These training programs offer considerable benefits to the elderly, including an increase in physical function, posture improvement, and pain relief.