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The Relationship Between Core Stability and Performance in Division I Football Players

Nesser, Thomas W1; Huxel, Kellie C2; Tincher, Jeffrey L1; Okada, Tomoko2

The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: November 2008 - Volume 22 - Issue 6 - p 1750-1754
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181874564
Original Research

Nesser, TW, Huxel, KC, Tincher, JL, and Okado, T. The relationship between core stability and performance in Division I football players. J Strength Cond Res 22(6):1750-1754, 2008-The purpose of this study was to identify relationships between core stability and various strength and power variables in strength and power athletes. National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I football players (height 184.0 ± 7.1 cm, weight 100.5 ± 22.4 kg) completed strength and performance testing before off-season conditioning. Subjects were tested on three strength variables (one-repetition maximum [1RM] bench press, 1RM squat, and 1RM power clean), four performance variables (countermovement vertical jump [CMJ], 20- and 40-yd sprints, and a 10-yd shuttle run), and core stability (back extension, trunk flexion, and left and right bridge). Significant correlations were identified between total core strength and 20-yd sprint (r = −0.594), 40-yd sprint (r = −0.604), shuttle run (r = −0.551), CMJ (r = 0.591), power clean/body weight (BW) (r = 0.622), 1RM squat (r = −0.470), bench press/BW (r = 0.369), and combined 1RM/BW (r = 0.447); trunk flexion and 20-yd sprint (r = −0.485), 40-yd sprint (r = −0.479), shuttle run (r = −0.443), CMJ (r = 0.436), power clean/BW (r = 0.396), and 1RM squat (r = −0.416); back extension and CMJ (r = 0.536), and power clean/BW (r = 0.449); right bridge and 20-yd sprint r = −0.410) and 40-yd sprint (r = −0.435), CMJ (r = 0.403), power clean/BW (r = 0.519) and bench press/BW (r = 0.372) and combined 1RM/BW (r = 0.406); and left bridge and 20-yd sprint (r = −0.376) and 40-yd sprint (r = −0.397), shuttle run (r = −0.374), and power clean/BW (r = 0.460). The results of this study suggest that core stability is moderately related to strength and performance. Thus, increases in core strength are not going to contribute significantly to strength and power and should not be the focus of strength and conditioning.

1Departments of Physical Education and 2Athletic Training, Indiana State University, Terre Haute, Indiana

Address correspondence to Thomas W. Nesser,

© 2008 National Strength and Conditioning Association