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The Metabolic Cost of Carrying a Single- versus Double-Strap Golf Bag

Ikeda, Elizabeth R1; Cooper, Laura2; Gulick, Patrick3; Nguyen, Phong4

The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: May 2008 - Volume 22 - Issue 3 - p 974-977
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31816f6f2e
Original Research

The purpose of this study was to compare energy expenditure and perceived comfort using two modes of carrying a golf bag. Fifteen men completed 2 trials of walking on a treadmill while carrying a golf bag. During 1 of 2 trials, an extra strap was added to convert a single-strap bag to a double-strap bag. The order was randomized. Oxygen consumption (L·min−1), heart rate, perceived exertion, and perceived comfort were measured during the 5-minute walk. Oxygen consumption was significantly lower carrying the double-strap golf bag (L·min−1, p = 0.0004; ml·kg−1·min−1, p < 0.0003), as were heart rate (p = 0.0013) and rate of perceived exertion (p < 0.005) During the double strap trial, the perceived comfort was higher (p < 0.005). Improvements in metabolic demands and comfort while carrying a double-strap golf bag should increase walking tolerance in golf.

1Associate Professor, Physical Therapy, University of Montana, Missoula, Montana; 2Athletic Club of Bend, Bend, Oregon; 3Orthopedic Physical Therapy, Kalispell, Montana; 4Holy Family Hospital, Spokane, Washington

Address correspondence to Elizabeth R. Ikeda,

© 2008 National Strength and Conditioning Association