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Comparison of Trunk Kinematics in Trunk Training Exercises and Throwing

Stodden, David F1; Campbell, Brian M1; Moyer, Todd M2

The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: January 2008 - Volume 22 - Issue 1 - p 112-118
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31815f2a1e
Original Research

Strength and conditioning professionals, as well as coaches, have emphasized the importance of training the trunk and the benefits it may have on sport performance and reducing the potential for injury. However, no data on the efficacy of trunk training support such claims. The purpose of this study was to examine the maximum differential trunk rotation and maximum angular velocities of the pelvis and upper torso of participants while they performed 4 trunk exercises (seated band rotations, cross-overs, medicine ball throws, and twisters) and compare these trunk exercise kinematics with the trunk kinematics demonstrated in actual throwing performance. Nine NCAA Division I baseball players participated in this study. Each participant's trunk kinematics was analyzed while he performed 5 repetitions of each exercise in both dominant and nondominant rotational directions. Results indicated maximum differentiated rotation in all 4 trunk exercises was similar to maximum differentiated rotation (approximately 50-60°) demonstrated in throwing performance. Maximum angular velocities of the pelvis and upper torso in the trunk exercises were appreciably slower (approximately 50% or less) than the angular velocities demonstrated during throwing performance. Incorporating trunk training exercises that demonstrate sufficient trunk ranges of motion and velocities into a strength and conditioning program may help to increase ball velocity and/or decrease the risk injury.

1Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio; 2Jacksonville University, Jacksonville, Florida

Address correspondence to David F. Stodden,

© 2008 National Strength and Conditioning Association