Specificity of Sprint and Agility Training Methods : The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research

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Specificity of Sprint and Agility Training Methods


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Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 15(3):p 315-319, August 2001.
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The purpose of this study was to determine if straight sprint training transferred to agility performance tests that involved various change-of-direction complexities and if agility training transferred to straight sprinting speed. Thirty-six males were tested on a 30-m straight sprint and 6 agility tests with 2–5 changes of direction at various angles. The subjects participated in 2 training sessions per week for 6 weeks using 20–40-m straight sprints (speed) or 20–40-m change-of-direction sprints (3–5 changes of 100°) (agility). After the training period, the subjects were retested, and the speed training resulted in significant improvements (p < 0.05) in straight sprinting speed but limited gains in the agility tests. Generally the more complex the agility task, the less the transfer from the speed training to the agility task. Conversely, the agility training resulted in significant improvements in the change-of-direction tests (p < 0.05) but no significant improvement (p > 0.05) in straight sprint performance. We concluded that straight speed and agility training methods are specific and produce limited transfer to the other. These findings have implications for the design of speed and agility training and testing protocols.

© 2001 National Strength and Conditioning Association