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Improving Vertical Jump Performance Through General, Special, and Specific Strength Training: A Brief Review

Baker Daniel
The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: May 1996
Article: PDF Only

ABSTRACTVertical jump ability is a requirement for success in a number of sports. This paper reviews three broad categories of strength training methods by which vertical jump ability is commonly improved. It examines a theoretical rationale for a strength training program by identifying the neuromechanical factors that affect jumping performance. The results of studies using general, special, and specific strength training exercises are also examined. The role and application of these different exercises for athletes of different abilities is discussed. Practical methods for analyzing jumping performance and their relevance to strength training are also discussed.

Vertical jump ability is a requirement for success in a number of sports. This paper reviews three broad categories of strength training methods by which vertical jump ability is commonly improved. It examines a theoretical rationale for a strength training program by identifying the neuromechanical factors that affect jumping performance. The results of studies using general, special, and specific strength training exercises are also examined. The role and application of these different exercises for athletes of different abilities is discussed. Practical methods for analyzing jumping performance and their relevance to strength training are also discussed.

© 1996 National Strength and Conditioning Association