Subaxial Cervical Spine Injury Classification Systems : Neurosurgery

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Subaxial Cervical Spine Injury Classification Systems

Aarabi, Bizhan MD, FRCSC*; Walters, Beverly C. MD, MSc, FRCSC‡,§; Dhall, Sanjay S. MD; Gelb, Daniel E. MD; Hurlbert, R. John MD, PhD, FRCSC#; Rozzelle, Curtis J. MD**; Ryken, Timothy C. MD, MS‡‡; Theodore, Nicholas MD§§; Hadley, Mark N. MD

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Neurosurgery 72():p 170-186, March 2013. | DOI: 10.1227/NEU.0b013e31828341c5



ALC, anterior ligamentous complex

ALL, anterior longitudinal ligament

ASIA, American Spinal Injury Association

AIS, ASIA Impairment Scale

CSISS, Cervical Spine Injury Severity Score

CE, compressive extension

CF, compressive flexion

DLC, discoligamentous complex

DE, distractive extension

DF, distractive flexion

LF, lateral flexion

MIV, major injury vectors

PLC, posterior ligamentous complex

PLL, posterior longitudinal ligament

STSG, Spine Trauma Study Group

SLIC, Subaxial Injury Classification

TRU, Trauma Resuscitation Unit

VC, vertical compression

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