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Neurosurgery Instructions for Authors

PLEASE READ: The NEUROSURGERY Publications Instructions for Authors, containing full policies and procedures for authors, can be found here. Authors should review this section thoroughly before deciding which Journal is most appropriate for their submission.

Aim and Scope of Neurosurgery
Submission Preparation: Neurosurgery Article Types
Articles Published In Print
​​​Articles Published Online-Only
Digital Archiving
Contact Us​

Below please find the aim and scope of as well as submission requirements for ​Neurosurgery specifically. Article types are described. Links to manuscript templates describing technical requirements can be accessed by clicking the Article Type name. Additionally a formatting chart listing the requirements for all Article Types (including required article structure, word limits, and additional requirements​)​ can be found here.

Aim and Scope of ​Neurosurgery

Neurosurgery is the official publication of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons. Neurosurgery provides a medium for the prompt publication of scientific articles dealing with clinical or experimental Neurosurgery, reviews, and other information of interest to neurosurgeons.

Submission Preparation: Neurosurgery Article Types

NOTE: All submissions undergo a “Technical Check“ to confirm their adherence to Journal standards. If your submission is not formatted correctly, it will be returned for corrections, delaying peer review. Please format your submission correctly to ensure timely processing. Additional submission preparation information is available in the NEUROSURGERY Publications Instructions for Authors.​​

Articles Published In Print​

Articles that will publish in print will first publish online on the Latest Articles page of the Neurosurgery site until such time as they are placed in an issue. Articles will publish online as soon as possible unless otherwise held for specific issue placement or embargo.


These article types cover a range of topics from Neurosurgery. The information and data presented in these studies should be based on original research.

These articles represent a substantial body of laboratory or clinical work often involving human subjects. The objective should be well defined, the methodology should be well described the evidence presented should be original and the discussion should be based on the data. Ethical standards must be met for both human and cadaveric subjects, with the approval of institutional research board (IRB) and appropriate consents. These articles should follow standard study designs and protocols as outlined by the Research Reporting Guidelines. For observational epidemiological studies and diagnostic accuracy, see Research Reporting Guidelines​ for further requirements.

Research—Human—Clinical Trials

In Clinical Trials articles, individuals are randomly allocated to receive or not receive a preventive, therapeutic, or diagnostic intervention and then followed up to determine the effect of the intervention. Each manuscript should clearly state an objective or hypothesis, the design and methods (including the study setting and dates, patients or participants with inclusion and exclusion criteria, or data sources, and how these were selected for the study) the essential features of any intervention(s) the main outcome measures the main results of the study a Discussion section placing the results in context with the published literature and addressing study limitations and the conclusions. Trial registration information (name, number, and URL) must be included with the submission (these should be blinded at submission for peer review). See Clinical Trial Registration, for further information regarding the Journal's requirements for registering clinical trials. For randomized controlled trials, see Research Reporting Guidelines​ for information regarding CONSORT.

Study Protocols describe proposed or ongoing research and provide a detailed account of the hypothesis, rationale, and methodology of the planned study. The journal will consider study protocols of proposed or ongoing trials provided they have not completed patient recruitment at the time of submission. Study protocols will usually be accepted without further peer review if the study has received institutional IRB and ethics approval  as well as peer-review and grant funding from a major extramural funding body. We are unable to consider study protocols without ethics or IRB approval or major extramural funding​ at the time of submission. Examples of major funding agencies include NIH (US), MRC (UK), DFG (Germany), and CNRS (France). All clinical trials must be registered at an appropriate online public registry, and registration information should be included with the submission.

Investigators must consent in principle to submit all or a substantial portion of the primary manuscript to Neurosurgery at the conclusion of the study, which the Journal will send for peer-review. The Journal will provisionally commit to rapidly publish the main clinical findings of the study absent major deviations from protocol, poor reporting or over interpretation of data, loss of originality, or undue delay after the planned submission date. The Journal will continue to accept for consideration submissions whose protocols have not been previously submitted to Neurosurgery. For protocols of randomized controlled trials, see Research Reporting Guidelines​ for information regarding SPIRIT.


Review articles are balanced accounts of all aspects of a particular subject including the pros and cons of any contentious or uncertain aspect. The Journal publishes 2 types of reviews:

  • Qualitative Reviews are based on previous literature, are often narrative, and provide current guidance on the latest Neurosurgery practices.
  • Quantitative Reviews involve data analysis and predictions, can include control groups, and present discussions on certain Neurosurgery techniques, tools/equipment, and implementation.

For systematic reviews and meta-analyses, see Research Reporting Guidelines for information regarding PRISMA and MOOSE.

Editorial ​

Editorials are invited essays written and submitted by a member of the Editorial Board that represent the Journal's position on a particular topic.

Guest Editorial

Guest Editorials are invited essays written and submitted by a member of the Neurosurgery community to express their views on an issue timely to the Neurosurgery community.

In Memoriam

In Memoriam articles honor a member of the neurosurgical community who has recently passed away. In Memoriam submissions should open with an announcement of the deceased's passing including date of birth and death, cause of death (if known), and a brief list of immediate survivors. The body of the submission should provide a succinct overview of the deceased's life highlighting professional accomplishments related to the neurosurgical field. Location and date information should be included with the listed accomplishments. Authors are encouraged to include photos from the deceased's life but should note these may require third-party consent to publish.

Cover Essay

Cover Essays are invited submissions based on the Journal cover art. The goal of the essay is to illuminate the cover image.

Editor-in-Chief Registrar

The Registrar is an article type reserved specifically for communications from the Editor-in-Chief to the Journal readership. The Editor-in-Chief may use this as a venue to provide updates on the Journal and its features or to communicate his or her views on a subject timely to the Neurosurgery community.

Articles Published Online-Only

Articles ​that will publish online-only will publish on the Latest Articles page of the Neurosurgery site until such time as they are placed in an issue. Articles will publish online as soon as possible unless otherwise held for specific issue placement or embargo. Once placed in an issue, online-only articles will appear as part of that issue online and will be listed in the Table of Contents.


These article types cover a range of topics from Neurosurgery. The information and data presented in these studies should be based on original research.

Case Report

Case Reports must present an unusual clinical development or a new insight into a well-recognized clinical scenario and provide evidence of how the case contributes to understanding of the condition/treatment. Case Reports that do not satisfy these requirements will not be considered. See Research Reporting Guidelines for information regarding CARE.

Please be aware that Neurosurgery accepts a very small percentage of submitted Case Reports and publishes a limited number in each issue. Consequently, review time and time to publication are extended.

Legacy—Institutions and People

Special Article

Legacy submissions should be focused on notable people, institutions, or organizations. Special Article submissions may address an important topic in Neurosurgery or related disciplines, ethics, health policy, and the law

Please note: Submissions under these article types may be considered for publication in the Journal's correspondence section as a commentary. Authors will be informed of this at the time the initial review is conducted.


The purpose of these articles is to provide a medium for contributors to provide fair and constructive feedback for articles published in Neurosurgery. These correspondences can also address topics and subjects unrelated to published articles but which are relevant and cover a range of neurosurgical topics.

Letter to the Editor

Letters to the Editor discuss a recent Neurosurgery article or a topic of neurosurgical interest not necessarily related to a published article.

Response to Letter to the Editor

Responses to Letters to the Editor are invited from corresponding authors by the Editorial Office upon receipt of a Letter to the Editor regarding their article in Neurosurgery.


Commentaries are invited at the discretion of the Editor-in-Chief and can be a brief communication on a subject pertinent to the field. The option to submit a commentary will also be extended to reviewers once a submission has been accepted for publication. The goal of a commentary in this case is to enrich the reader's understanding of the article by highlighting a particular aspect of the given article or to offer an alternative perspective on the contents reported.

Book and Media Reviews

Book and Media Reviews are invited by the Editor-in-Chief. Reviews may cover relevant books (print or online) and new media (apps, platforms, etc).

Digital Archiving

Wolters Kluwer provides for long-term digital preservation through two primary partnerships, Portico and CLOCKSS. Portico is a leading digital preservation service worldwide. The content is preserved as an archival version and is not publically accessible via Portico, but is provided when required under specific conditions, such as discontinuation of the collection or catastrophic failure of the website. CLOCKSS will enable any library to maintain their own archive of content from Wolters Kluwer and other publishers, with minimal technical effort and using cheaply available hardware.


Neurosurgery welcomes paid print and digital advertising from relevant institutions, organizations, and corporations. Advertisements are managed by the publisher Wolters Kluwer. Please click here​ to learn more about WK's Advertising and Corporate Services.Neurosurgery's specific media kit can be found here. Advertisement design and copy are subject to the approval of the NEUROSURGERY Publications Editor-in-Chief and Director of Publications.

Contact Us

All queries may be directed to the NEUROSURGERY Publications Editorial Office:

Email: [email protected]

Phone: 847.240.2500

Mail: NEUROSURGERY Publications Editorial Office, 10 N. Martingale Road, Suite 190, Schaumburg, Illinois 60173