Primary Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma of Dura and Cranial Vault: A Short Series and Review of LiteratureChhiber, Sarbjit S. MCh*; Kirmani, Altaf R. MCh*; Ramzan, Altaf U. MCh*; Wani, Afzal MCh*; Malik, Nayil K. MCh*; Wani, Abrar A. MCh*; Maqdomi, Romana MD†; Singh, Jangbhadur MD†; Singh, Manjit MD‡; Riaz, Shiekh MD‡Neurosurgery Quarterly: August 2015 - Volume 25 - Issue 3 - p 324–330 doi: 10.1097/WNQ.0000000000000052 Original Article Abstract Author InformationAuthors Article MetricsMetrics Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is an extranodal non-Hodgkin lymphoma that is deep seated and despite effective treatment regimens the prognosis is poor with a 5-year survival of 10%. Primary dural lymphoma a rare form of PCNSL, is usually a low-grade B-cell lymphoma of the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue type or marginal zone B-cell lymphomas. Primary dural diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, as an aggressive form, is extremely rare with only 13 cases reported in literature. We present a short series of 3 cases of this rare variety of primary dural lymphomas along with the review of literature. They mimic meningiomas and involve the cranial vault, with scalp swelling being the most common presentation. They are staged as Ann-Arbor stage IE primary high-grade large B-cell lymphoma of the dura and, at present, owing to rarity of the disease, are treated as PCNSLs. Whether the high-grade dural lymphomas behave like aggressive PCNSLs and exact management in view of the fact that they appear to be outside blood-brain barrier will require the review of larger series and case reports. Departments of *Neurosurgery †Pathology ‡Radiology, Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Soura, Srinagar, J&K, India The authors declare no conflict of interest. Reprints: Sarbjit S. Chhiber, MCh, Department of Neurosurgery, Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Soura, Srinagar, J&K, India 190011 (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org). Copyright © 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.