Ljunggren Bengt; Bruyn, George; Käbin, Ilo; Buchfelder, MichaelNeurosurgery Quarterly: December 1998 Artilce: PDF Only Abstract Summary Ludvig Puusepp (1875–1942) became the world's first professor in neurosurgery in 1910 in St. Petersburg, and was then active from 1920 until his death in 1942 at the University of Tartu in Estonia. He involved himself in all types of neurosurgical procedures, suggested many innovative surgical improvements, and created an exemplary neurosurgical clinic in Estonia. He also published papers on every conceivable subject of conventional neurosurgery, and books on the surgery of brain tumors and the nervous system. Puusepp was an excellent and dynamic neurosurgeon whose active period—1899 to 1939—exactly coincided with that of Harvey Cushing. It may be concluded that Puusepp was Cushing's counterpart in the Eastern hemisphere. © Williams & Wilkins 1998. All Rights Reserved.