Bing Ola; Grundemar, Lars; Ny, Lars; Möller, Christian and; Heilig, MarkusNeuroReport: July 1995 Neuropharmacology and Neurotoxicology: PDF Only Abstract ENDOGENOUS carbon monoxide (CO), produced by haem oxygenase (HO), may play a role in hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP). Its role in learning and memory in intact animals is less well known. Tin protoporphyrin (Sn-PP; 25 mg kg-1, i.p.) effectively but transiently inhibited HO activity in brain homogenates, and improved acquisition in the Morris water maze. Locomotor activity was unaffected, indicating a behavioural specificity of the learning effect. The analogue zinc protoporphyrin (25 mg kg-1, i.p.), which does not pass the blood-brain barrier, did not affect learning. If the observed memory effect is related to inhibition of HO, the role of CO in spatial learning may be different from that suggested by LTP studies. © Lippincott-Raven Publishers.