Cellular, Molecular and Developmental NeuroscienceTT01001 attenuates oxidative stress and neuronal apoptosis by preventing mitoNEET-mediated mitochondrial dysfunction after subarachnoid hemorrhage in ratsShi, Guangyaoa; Cui, Leib; Chen, Ruic; Liang, Shaodongd; Wang, Chunleie; Wu, PeieAuthor Information aQueen Mary college, Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi Province bDepartment of Nephrology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, Heilongjiang Province cDepartment of Neurology, Central Hospital of Heilongjiang Farms & Land Reclamation Beian Administration, Beian dDepartment of Neurosurgery, Hongqi Hospital Affiliated to Mudanjiang Medical University, Mudanjiang eDepartment of Neurosurgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, Heilongjiang Province, People’s Republic of China Received 1 April 2020 Accepted 22 May 2020 Correspondence to Pei Wu, PhD, Department of Neurosurgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, Heilongjiang Province, China, Tel: +86 15145062355; e-mail: email@example.com NeuroReport: August 5, 2020 - Volume 31 - Issue 11 - p 845-850 doi: 10.1097/WNR.0000000000001492 Buy Metrics Abstract Oxidative stress and neuronal apoptosis are considered crucial therapeutic targets against early brain injury (EBI) after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Emerging evidence indicates that mitochondrial dysfunction is the main reason for oxidative stress and neuronal apoptosis. MitoNEET, an outer mitochondrial membrane protein, has been shown to regulate mitochondrial function. However, whether mitoNEET activation attenuates oxidative stress and neuronal apoptosis after SAH remains unknown. This study was therefore conducted to verify the neuroprotective role of mitoNEET in EBI after SAH in rats. A total of 93 rats were subjected to an endovascular perforation model of SAH. TT01001, a selective agonist of mitoNEET, was administered intraperitoneally 1 h after SAH induction. Neurological tests, immunofluorescence, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nick-end labeling (TUNEL) staining, dihydroergotamine (DHE) staining, and western blot experiments were performed. The results showed that MitoNEET is expressed in neurons, but significantly decreased at 24 h after SAH induction. Activating mitoNEET with TT01001 significantly improved the neurological deficits, and reduced oxidative stress and neuronal apoptosis as measured by DHE and TUNEL staining, when compared with the SAH+vehicle group. Furthermore, TT01001 treatment decreased the expression of the proapoptotic marker, Bax, while increasing the expression of the antiapoptotic marker, Bcl-2. Together, our results suggested that mitoNEET activation with TT01001 reduced oxidative stress injury and neuronal apoptosis by improving mitochondrial dysfunction in EBI after SAH. Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.