MOTOR SYSTEMSMotor performance may be improved by kinesthetic imagery, specific action verb production, and mental calculationRabahi, Tahara; Fargier, Patricka; Rifai-Sarraj, Ahmadb; Clouzeau, Cyrila; Massarelli, RaphaelaAuthor Information aUniversity of Lyon, University Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Centre for Research and Innovation on Sport, Villeurbanne Cedex, France bDepartment of Physiotherapy, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon Correspondence to Tahar Rabahi, Centre for Research and Innovation on Sport, 27 bvd du 11 novembre 1918, 69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, France Tel: +33611804496; fax: +33472448010; e-mail: [email protected] Received October 7, 2011 Accepted October 23, 2011 NeuroReport: January 25, 2012 - Volume 23 - Issue 2 - p 78-81 doi: 10.1097/WNR.0b013e32834e7dce Buy Metrics Abstract Several results in the literature show that motor imagery, language production, mental calculation, and motor execution share the same or closely related brain motor cortical areas. The present study aimed at investigating the possible influence of specific action verb (AV) pronunciation and mental calculus upon motor performance compared with kinesthetic imagery (KI). Participants, novice in mental imagery, performed a vertical jump after a cognitive task (AV, silent AV, mental subtraction, meaningless verb, and KI). The results show that specific lower limbs AV, mental calculation, and KI improved the vertical jump in male, but not in female participants. © 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.