BEHAVIOURNegative feedback influences auditory recognition: behavioral and event-related potential evidenceKuelzow, Nadinea e; Nessler, Doreenf; Saenger, Jessicab e; Schneider, Till R.c; Debener, Stefand eAuthor Information aDepartment of Biopsychology and Neuroergonomy, Institute of Psychology, University of Technology Berlin, Berlin bInstitute of Experimental Psychology II, Heinrich-Heine-University of Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf cDepartment of Neurophysiology and Pathophysiology, Center of Experimental Medicine, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg dNeuropsychology Lab, Department of Psychology, Carl von Ossietzky University Oldenburg, Oldenburg, Germany eMRC Institute of Hearing Research, Royal South Hants Hospital, Southampton, UK fCognitive Electrophysiology Laboratory, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York City, USA Correspondence to Dr Stefan Debener, Neuropsychology Group, Institute of Psychology, University of Oldenburg, Oldenburg, Germany Tel: +49 441 7984271; fax: +49 441 7985522; e-mail: [email protected] Received 9 February 2010 accepted 29 April 2010 NeuroReport: August 4, 2010 - Volume 21 - Issue 11 - p 751-755 doi: 10.1097/WNR.0b013e32833b9899 Buy Metrics Abstract Stress induced by negative feedback is known to impair recognition memory, although little is known about its neural correlates. Immediately before an auditory recognition test, a negative- and positive-feedback group received different, faked scores about their performance in a Tower-of-Hanoi task. Negative feedback increased reaction times for correct rejections of new sounds. Although the positive-feedback group showed frontally and parietally more positive-going event-related potentials for correctly recognized old items than correct rejections (OLD/NEW effect) between 400 and 700 ms, suggesting the presence of familiarity and recollection-related recognition processes, the negative-feedback group showed late (>1100 ms) sustained right-frontal OLD/NEW effects possibly reflecting postmemory monitoring. Hence, negative feedback might change recognition memory by disabling recollection in favor of postmemory monitoring processes. © 2010 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.