SENSORY AND MOTOR SYSTEMSViewing hand grip enhances observer's grip force in a body-part-specific mannerHirose, Satoshia b; Oouchida, Yutakac; Matsumura, Michikazua; Naito, Eiichid e Author Information aGraduate School of Human and Environmental Studies, Kyoto University bJapan Society for the Promotion of Science cSchool of Medicine, Tohoku University dNational Institute of Information and Communication Technology, Research Department 1, Kobe Advanced ICT Research Center, Biophysical ICT Group eATR Computational Neuroscience Laboratories, Japan Correspondence to Dr Eiichi Naito, PhD, National Institute of Information and Communication Technology, Research Department 1, Kobe Advanced ICT Research Center, Biophysical ICT Group, 2-2-2 Hikaridai, Seika-cho, Soraku-gun, Kyoto 619-0288, Japan Tel: +81 774 95 2744; fax: +81 774 95 1236; e-mail: [email protected] Received 3 July 2009 accepted 21 August 2009 NeuroReport 20(16):p 1477-1480, October 28, 2009. | DOI: 10.1097/WNR.0b013e3283322aef Buy Metrics Abstract We examined whether visual information on the dynamic aspect of the actions performed by an individual can influence an observer's action. Sixteen participants cyclically generated an isometric precision grip force with their right thumb and index finger in synchronization with the contraction (in-phase) or relaxation phase of an experimenter's hand, foot, and mouth movements presented in videos. Visual information of the hand action significantly enhanced the observer's grip force, and this enhancement exclusively occurred during the in-phase condition. These results suggest that the effector matching between the observed and the performed actions and the temporal coincidence in the movement phase are the key factors when visual information on the dynamics of the action of an individual influences the observer's action. © 2009 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.