Secondary Logo

Institutional members access full text with Ovid®

Viewing hand grip enhances observer's grip force in a body-part-specific manner

Hirose, Satoshia b; Oouchida, Yutakac; Matsumura, Michikazua; Naito, Eiichid e

doi: 10.1097/WNR.0b013e3283322aef
SENSORY AND MOTOR SYSTEMS
Buy

We examined whether visual information on the dynamic aspect of the actions performed by an individual can influence an observer's action. Sixteen participants cyclically generated an isometric precision grip force with their right thumb and index finger in synchronization with the contraction (in-phase) or relaxation phase of an experimenter's hand, foot, and mouth movements presented in videos. Visual information of the hand action significantly enhanced the observer's grip force, and this enhancement exclusively occurred during the in-phase condition. These results suggest that the effector matching between the observed and the performed actions and the temporal coincidence in the movement phase are the key factors when visual information on the dynamics of the action of an individual influences the observer's action.

aGraduate School of Human and Environmental Studies, Kyoto University

bJapan Society for the Promotion of Science

cSchool of Medicine, Tohoku University

dNational Institute of Information and Communication Technology, Research Department 1, Kobe Advanced ICT Research Center, Biophysical ICT Group

eATR Computational Neuroscience Laboratories, Japan

Correspondence to Dr Eiichi Naito, PhD, National Institute of Information and Communication Technology, Research Department 1, Kobe Advanced ICT Research Center, Biophysical ICT Group, 2-2-2 Hikaridai, Seika-cho, Soraku-gun, Kyoto 619-0288, Japan

Tel: +81 774 95 2744; fax: +81 774 95 1236; e-mail: enaito@atr.jp

Received 3 July 2009 accepted 21 August 2009

© 2009 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.