COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE AND NEUROPSYCHOLOGYNeural predictors of auditory word learningMei, Leileia; Chen, Chuanshengb; Xue, Guic; He, Qinghuaa; Li, Tiana; Xue, Fenga; Yang, Qina; Dong, QiaAuthor Information aState Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning, Beijing Normal University, Beijing bDepartment of Psychology and Social Behavior, University of California, Irvine cDepartment of Psychology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA Correspondence to Dr Qi Dong, State Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China Tel: +86 10 58807615; fax: +86 10 58807615; e-mail: email@example.com Received 5 November 2007; accepted 14 November 2007 NeuroReport: January 22nd, 2008 - Volume 19 - Issue 2 - p 215-219 doi: 10.1097/WNR.0b013e3282f46ea9 Buy Metrics Abstract The present fMRI study aimed to identify neurofunctional predictors of auditory word learning. Twenty-four native Chinese speakers were trained to learn a logographic artificial language (LAL) for 2 weeks and their behavioral performance was recorded. Participants were also scanned before and after the training while performing a passive listening task. Results showed that, compared to ‘poor’ learners (those whose performance was below average during the training), ‘good’ (i.e. above-average) learners showed more activation in the left MTG/STS and less activation in the right IFG during the pretraining scan. These results confirmed the hypothesis that preexisting individual differences in neural activities can predict the efficiency in learning words in a new language. © 2008 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.