BRAIN IMAGINGSimilar brain activation patterns for writing logographic and phonetic symbols in ChineseLin, Chong-Yua; Xiao, Zhuang-Weib; Shen, Lic a; Zhang, John X.d b; Weng, Xu-ChuaAuthor Information aLaboratory for Higher Brain Function, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing bGuangdong Key Lab of Medical Molecular Imaging, Medical College of Shantou University, Shantou cDepartment of Psychology, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing dDepartment of Psychology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China Correspondence to Xu-Chu Weng, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, A10 Datun Road Chaoyang District, Beijing, China Tel: +86 10 64854476; fax: +86 10 64872070; e-mail: [email protected] and John X. Zhang, e-mail: [email protected] Received 20 July 2007; accepted 20 July 2007 NeuroReport: October 8, 2007 - Volume 18 - Issue 15 - p 1621-1625 doi: 10.1097/WNR.0b013e3282f0405b Buy Metrics Abstract This event-related functional MRI study examined the neural correlates for Chinese writing, by comparing the writing of logographic characters and that of pinyin, a phonetic notation system for Chinese characters. The temporal profile of the activations indicated that the middle frontal gyrus, superior parietal lobule, and posterior inferior temporal gyrus reflected more central processes for writing. Although pinyin writing elicited greater activity overall than character writing, the critical finding is that the two types of symbols recruited essentially the same brain regions. The results were compared with studies in Japanese showing dissociation between logographic kanji and phonetic kana writing and frequency of use was suggested to be an important factor in accounting for result differences across the two writing systems. © 2007 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.