VISION, CENTRALIndependence of visual awareness from attention at early processing stagesKoivisto, Mika1 2 CA; Revonsuo, Antti1 2 3; Salminen, Niina1 2Author Information 1Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Turku 2Departments of Philosophy 3Psychology, University of Turku, Turku, Finland CACorresponding Author and Address: email@example.com Received 21 March 2005; accepted 24 March 2005 NeuroReport: May 31st, 2005 - Volume 16 - Issue 8 - p 817-821 Buy SDC Abstract According to a widely accepted idea, only the results of attentional selection reach visual awareness. A competing model postulates that awareness is independent of attentional selection: contents of subjective visual experience may also exist without the contribution of attention. We tested these competing models by tracking the independent contributions of selective attention and awareness to electrophysiological brain responses. Our results showed that the earliest effects of visual awareness emerged earlier than the effects of attention and regardless of the presence or absence of attention. The early effects of attention were elicited regardless of the presence or absence of awareness. The results suggest that visual awareness and selective attention are initially independent of each other. © 2005 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.