SLEEPThe influence of sleep on auditory learning: a behavioral studyGaab, Nadine; Paetzold, Miriam1; Becker, Markus2; Walker, Matthew P.3; Schlaug, GottfriedCA Author Information Department of Neurology, Music and Neuroimaging Laboratory, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, 330 Brookline Avenue, Boston, MA 02215, USA 1Department of Psychology, University of Giessen 2Department of Psychology, University of Trier, Germany 3Department of Psychiatry, Laboratory of Neurophysiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA Received 26 October 2003; accepted 3 December 2003 CACorresponding Author: [email protected] NeuroReport: March 22, 2004 - Volume 15 - Issue 4 - p 731-734 Buy Abstract Evidence continues to support a role for sleep in delayed learning without further practice. Here we demonstrate the beneficial influence of sleep on auditory skill learning. Fifty-six subjects were randomly assigned to two groups, trained and tested on a pitch memory task three times across 24 h. The morning group was trained at 09.00 h, retested 12 h later that same day, and again after 12 h sleep. The evening group was trained at 21.00 h, retested 12 h immediately after sleep, and again 12 h later the next day. At retesting, both groups combined showed significant delayed learning only after sleep, but not across equivalent periods of wake, regardless of which came first. These data add to the growing literature describing sleep-dependent learning throughout sensory and motor domains. © 2004 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.