GLIAL CELLSLipopolysaccharide and TNFα regulate the expression of GDNF, neurturin and their receptorsRémy, Séverine; Naveilhan, Philippe; Paillé, Vincent; Brachet, Philippe; Neveu, IsabelleCA Author Information Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, Unité 437, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nantes, 30 Bd Jean Monnet, 44093 Nantes, France CACorresponding author: [email protected] Received 25 February 2003; accepted 1 May 2003 NeuroReport 14(11):p 1529-1534, August 6, 2003. Buy Abstract Inflammatory processes in the brain may trigger specific neuroprotective responses in glial cells. Here, we show that bacterial lipopolysaccharide strongly up-regulates glial derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) mRNA while it down-regulates that of neurturin. Tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) had different effects since it stimulated neurturin expression without enhancing GDNF mRNA. Interestingly, both lipopolysaccharide and TNFα triggered a significant decrease in the expression of the GDNF receptor, GFRα1, in glial cells. While the significance of such down-regulation during inflammatory processes remains to be characterised, the differential regulation of GDNF and neurturin following lipopolysaccharide and TNFα treatments suggest specific neuroprotective responses of glial cells in case of bacterial infection, trauma, transplantation or neurodegenerative diseases. © 2003 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.