VISION, CENTRALCoding of visual patterns and textures in monkey inferior temporal cortexWang, Yi1 3 4 6 CA; Fujita, Ichiro1 2 3 4; Murayama, Yusuke3 5Author Information 1Division of Biophysical Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering Science 2Graduate School of Frontier Biosciences, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-8531 3Department of Cognitive Neuroscience, Osaka University Medical School, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 4Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology (CREST), Japan Science and Technology Corporation, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-8531, Japan 5Present Address: Max-Planck-Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Spemannstrasse 38, 72076 Tübingen, Germany 6Present Address: University of Texas-Houston Medical School, Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy, Houston, TX 77030, USA CA,6Corresponding Author and Address: firstname.lastname@example.org Received 25 June 2002; accepted 6 September 2002 NeuroReport: March 3rd, 2003 - Volume 14 - Issue 3 - p 453-457 Buy Abstract Neural coding for texture features of visual objects was investigated in monkey inferior temporal cortex by inactivating intrinsic GABAergic inhibition. The inactivation enabled a substantial number of cells to respond to originally ineffective texture pattern that had a particular feature distinct from the originally effective pattern, or to ineffective texture and non-texture stimuli that possessed a component feature of the originally effective texture. Cells that showed selectivity changes related to a texture feature were often met along a vertical recording track. We suggest that a texture feature is coded by a group of cells which signal different aspects of the texture. The coding occurs at different processing levels, from extracting a particular feature within patterns to detecting complex texture features combined with color and shape of natural objects. © 2003 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.