Cognitive Neuroscience And NeuropsychologyMusicians and the gamma band: a secret affair?Bhattacharya, JoydeepCA; Petsche, Hellmuth1Author Information Commission for Scientific Visualization, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna, A-1010, Austria; 1Brain Research Institute, University of Vienna, Vienna, A-1090 Austria CACorresponding Author Received 8 November 2000; accepted 22 November 2000 Neuroreport: February 12, 2001 - Volume 12 - Issue 2 - p 371-374 Buy Abstract While listening to music, a significant high degree of phase synchrony in the γ frequency range globally distributed over the brain was found in subjects with musical training (musicians) compared with subjects with no such training (non-musicians). No significant differences were found in other EEG frequency bands. Listening to neutral text did not produce any significant differences in the degree of synchronization between these two groups. For musicians, left-hemispheric dominance was found during listening to music. The right hemisphere was found to be dominant for non-musicians in text listening. The high degree of synchronization in musicians could be due to their high ability to retrieve musical patterns from their acoustic memory, which is a cogent condition for both listening to and anticipating musical sounds. © 2001 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.