The insulin-like growth factors I and II stimulate proliferation of different types of Schwann cellsSondell, Mariann1,2; Fex-Svenningsen, Åsa1; Kanje, Martin1NeuroReport: September 8th, 1997 - Volume 8 - Issue 13 - p 2871–2876 Regeneration and Transplantation Abstract Author InformationAuthors A combination of immunocytochemistry for glial specific antigens and bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) and teasing was used to identify proliferating cells in cultured rat sciatic nerve segments. The nerve segments were exposed to insulin, or the insulin-like growth factors IGF-I and IGF-II. Teasing in combination with BrdU immunocytochemistry showed that around 93% of the proliferating cells in the nerve segments were Schwann cells. Immunostaining for BrdU and GFAP (glial fibrillary acid protein) showed that IGF-II enhanced proliferation of Schwann cells surrounding umyelinated nerve fibres. In contrast, truncated IGF-I promoted proliferation of Schwann cells of myelinated nerve fibres while insulin increased proliferation of both cell types. 1Department of Animal Physiology, Lund University, Helgonav 3B, S-223 62, Lund, Sweden 2Corresponding Author: Mariann Sondell ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS: This study was supported by grants from the Natural Science Research Council, Crafoords foundation and Royal Physiographical Society. Received 20 June 1997; accepted 13 July 1997 © Lippincott-Raven Publishers.