Auditory and Vestibular Systems, Lateral Line: PDF Onlyvon Bussmann Kurt A.; Garey, Laurence J.; Jen, Ling SunNeuroReport: March 1993 - p 247-250 Buy Abstract PREVIOUS studies have demonstrated that the vast majority of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) die one month after optic nerve transection. However, a small percentage do not degenerate. The present study examined one aspect of the chemical nature of these surviving RGCs using cytochrome oxidase (CO) as a neuronal marker in whole-mounted retinae. In the normal retina, 4.3% of the total population of RGCs show high CO activity. One month after optic nerve transection, 37% of the CO-positive RGCs counted in the control retinae survive and, because they stain with CO, must be metabolically active. Previous studies have shown that only up to 10% of the total RGC population survive optic nerve transection. The implication of our results is that the CO-positive RGCs, as a subpopulation, are more resistant to injury than the general population of RGCs. © Lippincott-Raven Publishers.