Auditory and Vestibular Systems, Lateral Line: PDF OnlyRage Florence; Jalaguier, Stephan; Rougeot, Catherine; Tapia-Arancibia, LuciaNeuroReport: March 1993 - p 320-322 Buy Abstract GABAA RECEPTORS mediate the inhibition of somatostatin release in hypothalamic neurones. To study the possible effect of GABA on somatostatin biosynthesis, somatostatin and preprosomatostatin mRNA levels were evaluated after exposure of hypothalamic neurones to muscimol or bicuculline. Muscimol (50 μM) decreased preprosomatostatin mRNA levels, by 25% after 4 h and 30% after 24 h treatment. Bicuculline (50 μM and 100 μM) increased preprosomatostatin mRNA levels by 1.4 and 1.5 fold after 4 h and by 1.3 and 1.7 fold after 24 h treatment. Somatostatin content was not modified after muscimol or bicuculline exposure. Total DNA content, used to control cellular viability, was not modified under any experimental conditions. Our findings suggest that the GABAergic inhibition of mRNA levels could be a consequence of the GABA inhibition of somatostatin release, thus allowing limited changes in peptide steady-state levels. © Lippincott-Raven Publishers.