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Veterans as Students in Higher Education

A Scoping Review

Dyar, Kelly

doi: 10.1097/01.NEP.0000000000000485

AIM The aim of this study was to determine what is known about military veterans as students in higher education and inform nurse educators.

BACKGROUND Military veterans are increasingly enrolling in higher education and in nursing programs and may provide a recruitment source for nursing education.

METHOD A scoping review of literature published after 2011 was performed to determine characteristics of military veterans as students. Twelve sources were identified.

RESULTS Military veterans have multiple strengths yet may also experience barriers to success. As a result, veterans may struggle to transition from the rigid military environment to the more relaxed college setting.

CONCLUSION Military veterans may provide a recruitment source for the nursing workforce. Gaining knowledge of the strengths and barriers faced by these students may help nurse educators plan strategies for achieving academic success.

About the Author Kelly Dyar, EdD, RN, CNN, CNE, is an assistant professor, University of West Georgia, Carrollton, Georgia. The author gratefully acknowledges Dr. Cynthia Brown as dissertation chair throughout the conducting of this dissertation research study. The author also gratefully acknowledges both the National League for Nursing and the Southern Nursing Research Society for their funding through a dissertation scholarship and award, respectively. For more information, contact Dr. Dyar at

The author has declared no conflict of interest.

Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal’s website (

Online date: March 27, 2019

© 2019 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.
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