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A FRAMEWORK for Designing, Implementing, and Evaluating: Simulations Used as Teaching Strategies in Nursing


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This article presents a framework that can be used to design, implement, and evaluate simulations used for teaching strategies in nursing education. Components of the framework include best practices in education, student factors, teacher factors, simulation design characteristics, and outcomes. Variables are identified for each of the framework components.

About the Author Pamela R. Jeffries, DNS, RN, is an associate professor of adult health nursing, Indiana University School of Nursing in Indianapolis. The author acknowledges the support and assistance of the NLN/Laerdal National Simulation Project Group, who assisted with the extensive literature review, discussions, and testing of the simulation framework. The coordinators of the project are: Reba Moyer Childress, University of Virginia; Janis Childs, University of Southern Maine; Sharon Decker, Texas Tech School of Nursing and Health Sciences; Cheryl Feken, Community College of Tulsa; Marcy Hovancsek and Mitzi Horn, Case Western Reserve University; Ruth Politi and Nina Carter, Community College of Southern Nevada; and Debra Spunt, University of Maryland School of Nursing. In addition, the administrative support and guidance of Dr. Mary Anne Rizzolo and Dr. Terry Valiga of the National League for Nursing and Rosie Patterson of Laerdal Corporation are greatly appreciated. For more information. contact Dr. Jeffries at

Copyright 2005 by National League for Nursing, Inc.
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