Original ArticlesComplexity Leadership in the Nursing ContextUhl-Bien, Mary PhD; Meyer, Danika MSN; Smith, Justin MDAuthor Information Neeley School of Business, Texas Christian University (TCU), Fort Worth (Dr Uhl-Bien); and Cook Children's, Fort Worth, Texas (Ms Meyer and Dr Smith). Correspondence: Mary Uhl-Bien, PhD, Neeley School of Business, Texas Christian University, TCU Box 298530, Fort Worth, TX 76129 ([email protected]). The authors declare no conflict of interest. Nursing Administration Quarterly: April/June 2020 - Volume 44 - Issue 2 - p 109-116 doi: 10.1097/NAQ.0000000000000407 Buy Metrics Abstract Consolidation through mergers and acquisitions is occurring across health care as a strategic move to address the disruptive forces of complexity. While consolidation is improving the overall fitness and viability of health care organizations, it is having the opposite effect on the professionals working within them who are reporting increasing rates of burnout from ongoing complexity in the health care environment. This happens in all organizations that try to respond to complexity with traditional bureaucratic leadership approaches. What is needed is to replace bureaucratic leadership with the networked approach of complexity leadership. The idea is not to “do more with less” but to “do things better.” In this article, we show how to do this by applying complexity leadership to the nursing context. Complexity leadership is a framework for enabling people and organizations for adaptability. It views leaders not as managerial implementers of top-down directives but as collaborators who work together to enhance the overall adaptability and fitness of the system. From a complexity leadership perspective, the role of nurse leaders should be not only to help the system run but also to help it run better by increasing organizational adaptability. © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.