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Emotional Intelligence (EI) and Nursing Leadership Styles Among Nurse Managers

Tyczkowski, Brenda DNP, RN; Vandenhouten, Christine PhD, RN, APHN-BC; Reilly, Janet DNP, APRN-BC; Bansal, Gaurav PhD; Kubsch, Sylvia M. PhD, RN; Jakkola, Raelynn BSN

Nursing Administration Quarterly: April/June 2015 - Volume 39 - Issue 2 - p 172–180
doi: 10.1097/NAQ.0000000000000094
Original Articles

Less than 12.5% of nurses aspire to leadership roles, noting lack of support and stress as major factors in their decision not to pursue this area of practice. Psychological resiliency, described as the ability to properly adapt to stress and adversity, is key to successful nurse managers. Emotional intelligence (EI) is a related concept to resiliency and is another noteworthy predictor of leadership and management success. This study was undertaken to determine the level of and relationship between EI and leadership style of nurse managers employed in Wisconsin and Illinois facilities. A descriptive, exploratory study design was utilized, with a convenience sample of nurse managers working in 6 large Midwestern health systems. Nurse managers were invited to participate in the study by their employer, completing the online consent form and the demographic, Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ) Form 5X and the Emotional Quotient Inventory (EQ-i 2.0) surveys. Statistically significant positive relationships were noted between EI and transformational leadership and the outcomes of leadership (extra effort, effectiveness, and satisfaction). No statistically significant relationships were noted between EI and transactional or laissez-faire leadership styles.

University of Wisconsin Green Bay (Drs Tyczkowski, Vandenhouten, Reilly, Bansal, and Kubsch); and St. Vincent Hospital, Hospital Sisters Health System, Green Bay, Wisconsin (Ms Jakkola).

Correspondence: Brenda Tyczkowski, DNP, RN, University of Wisconsin Green Bay, 2420 Nicolet Dr, Green Bay, WI 54311 (

Funding obtained through University of Wisconsin Green Bay dean and graduate studies grant.

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

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