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Consumer Preferences and Values as an Integral Key to Evidence-based Practice

Melnyk, Bernadette Mazurek PhD, RN, CPNP/NPP, FAAN, FNAP; Fineout-Overholt, Ellen PhD, RN

Nursing Administration Quarterly: April-June 2006 - Volume 30 - Issue 2 - p 123–127
Original Article

Although evidence-based practice (EBP) integrates the best evidence from well-designed studies with a clinician's expertise and patient preferences and values, most of what is emphasized in books and reports on EBP is the 5-step EBP process. However, the consideration of patient values and preferences in making clinical decisions is essential to deliver the highest quality of care. This article briefly reviews the status of EBP in the United States, described the ARCC mentorship model, and highlights how to engage consumers in the EBP process.

College of Nursing, Arizona State University, Tempe. Dr Melnyk is also the associate editor of Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing, and Dr Fineout-Overholt is also Director of the Center for Advancement of Evidence-Based Practice at this university.

Corresponding author: Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk, PhD, RN, CPNP/NPP, FAAN, FNAP, College of Nursing, Arizona State University, PO Box 872602, Tempe, AZ 85287 (e-mail:

© 2006 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.