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Deletion of the p16 Gene and Microsatellite Instability in Carcinoma Arising in Pleomorphic Adenoma of the Parotid Gland.

Suzuki Hiroaki M.D.; Fujioka, Yasunori M.D.
Diagnostic Molecular Pathology: August 1998
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Carcinoma arising in pleomorphic adenoma of the salivary gland is a rare tumor, and its molecular aspects are unknown. Recent studies have revealed that malignant transformation of various human cancers may involve two different genetic alterations: inactivation of the p16 gene, which is a putative tumor suppressor gene, and genetic instability represented by microsatellite instability (MSI). However, so far, molecular investigations including p16 gene alteration and MSI have not been performed on carcinoma arising in pleomorphic adenoma. Both inactivation of the p16 gene and MSI were studied using DNA extracted from paraffin-embedded sections of carcinoma arising in pleomorphic adenoma. Samples also were analyzed for cyclin DI gene amplification, which is thought to have oncogenic effects similar to those with inactivation of the p16 gene. One case showed the homozygous deletion of the p16 gene in the carcinoma, although hypermethylation of the p16 gene and amplification of the cyclin DI gene were not observed in any cases. In two of four cases, MSI was observed. One case in two showed MSI in both the pleomorphic adenoma and the carcinoma. Results of this study suggest that two different genetic alterations, the inactivation of the p16 gene and genetic instability, play roles in the malignant transformation of carcinoma in pleomorphic adenoma. The MSI observed in the adenoma suggests that genetic alterations occur in pleomorphic adenoma.

(C) Lippincott-Raven Publishers.