Case Report: PDF OnlyIntrauterine Blood Transfusion in an HCV and HIV Co-Infected WomanCharison, Jodie C.*; Schneider, Carol E.; Poliquin, VanessaEditor(s): Shi, Dandan Author Information Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3E3P5, Canada. Corresponding author: Dr. Jodie C. Charison, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3E3P5, Canada. E-mail: [email protected] How to cite this article: Charison JC, Schneider CE, Poliquin V. Intrauterine Blood Transfusion in an HCV and HIV Co-Infected Woman. Maternal Fetal Med 2020;000. doi: 10.1097/FM9.0000000000000081 Received June 30, 2020 This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4.0 (CCBY-NC-ND), where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially without permission from the journal. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 Maternal-Fetal Medicine: November 11, 2020 - Volume Latest Articles - Issue - doi: 10.1097/FM9.0000000000000081 Open PAP Metrics Abstract Hepatitis C infection is not uncommon in pregnant women. Vertical transmission of the virus from mother to fetus is estimated at 4%-8%, however this transmission rate is significantly higher when the mother is co-infected with HIV. Intrauterine blood transfusions can be a necessary part of management for certain perinatal conditions like hemolytic disease of the fetus. Currently there is no published material available on the vertical transmission risk of HCV infection to the fetus as a result of this procedure, irrespective of HIV co-infection. We present a case of a pregnant woman co-infected with HCV and HIV that required an intrauterine blood transfusion during pregnancy. Vertical transmission of either infection to the child did not occur. This provides important evidence that vertical transmission of HCV and/or HIV does not necessarily occur with intrauterine blood transfusions. © 2021 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.