The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of switching from hormone therapy to tissue-selective estrogen complex (TSEC) in women who experience vaginal bleeding or breast discomfort.
This retrospective cohort study included 82 postmenopausal women who received TSEC after switching from another hormone therapy due to adverse events. Changes in symptoms and imaging after switching to TSEC were evaluated.
The mean age was 56.9 years. The women were switched to TSEC due to vaginal bleeding in 56.1% and breast discomfort in 47.6% (multiple choices were allowed). After the switch, almost all women (97.6%) experienced an improvement in adverse events. However, 27% of the women had worsening of vasomotor symptoms, which was more common when hormone therapy was changed from 2 mg of estradiol (41.7%) compared with 1 mg of estradiol (16.7%), 0.625 mg of conjugated estrogen (30%), or tibolone (12.5%). Images of breast lesions and fibroids before the switch were assessed, showing no change in most women.
This study suggests that TSEC is a good option for women who have breast discomfort or persistent bleeding during other hormone therapy when taking into account the differences in estrogen dose.