BRCA carriers are recommended to undergo prophylactic risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO). Possible adverse health impacts of RRSO, particularly when done before natural menopause, can reduce the long-term satisfaction with this risk-reducing strategy. The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate the level of satisfaction of women undergoing RRSO, also in relation to some specific characteristics at RRSO.
A prospective cohort study was performed in the Modena Family Cancer Clinic of the University Hospital of Modena (Italy). All BRCA1/2 confirmed mutation carriers who decided to undergo RRSO were recruited between 2016 and 2019.
Fifty-five women (29 BRCA1 and 26 BRCA2) (mean age: 50.4 ± 7.7 years [range 35-79]) were included with a mean follow-up after RRSO of 660.9 days (1.8 years) (range 35-1,688 days) (median: 549 days). No intraepithelial (Serous Tubal Intraepithelial Carcinoma)/invasive cancers were found (0%) at RRSO. No vasomotor symptoms at 1 month after surgery were reported by 11/22 (50%) premenopausal women at RRSO. All women (100%) with new “RRSO-caused” vasomotor symptoms with no previous breast cancer initiated postmenopausal hormone therapy. At the final follow-up the satisfaction rate (0-100 visual analog scale points) of the participants was 96.4 ± 8.6 points (range 62-100). To the question “Would you undergo RRSO again if it was proposed today? (0-100 visual analog scale points)” the answer was 99.4 ± 3.2 points (range 79-100). These scores were in general very high and did not change in the different groups according to pre/postmenopausal status at RRSO, cancer survivors versus healthy women at RRSO, BRCA status, hormone therapy users/nonusers after RRSO, “RRSO-caused” symptoms versus not RRSO-caused (P > 0.05).
Findings from this prospective study suggest that satisfaction with RRSO is very high and little dependent on the participants’ characteristics at surgery. Women at high risk for ovarian cancer are very satisfied with their choice of risk-reduction strategy.