This study explored the multidimensional outcomes that resulted from the adherence to regular exercise among previously sedentary postmenopausal women. The exercise was managed through a supervised, multicomponent, adapted approximately 20-week program in a suited health promotion intervention.
A multigroup, mixed-design study with between-group (intervention, sedentary, and active women) and within-subject measures (baseline, postintervention, and 3- and 12-month follow-ups) was conducted using intention-to-treat methodology. The Cervantes Scale assessed health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and several indicators of cardio-metabolic status and fitness were also assessed.
After the intervention, the participants experienced positive changes in short and long-term physical and mental health, with significant enhancements in several HRQoL dimensions, particularly mental well-being and menopause-related health and subdomains. Improvements were maintained or continued (eg, mental well-being) throughout the period, leading up to the 12-month follow-up. These outcomes were accompanied by significant improvements in cardio-metabolic status and fitness, including weight, body mass index, cardio-respiratory fitness, and flexibility.
Our findings parallel previous empirical evidence showing the benefits associated with regular exercise, and add evidence to the association of positive outcomes in HRQoL with improvements in cardio-metabolic health and fitness status after the adoption of an active lifestyle.
1Health Psychology & Behavioural Medicine Research Group (CTS-267), Facultad de Psicología, University of Granada, Campus Universitario de Cartuja, Granada, Spain
2Departamento de Personalidad, Evaluación y Tratamiento Psicológico, Facultad de Psicología, University of Granada, Campus Universitario de Cartuja, Granada, Spain
3Departamento de Ginecología y Obstetricia, Facultad de Medicina, University of Granada, Avd Madrid, Granada, Spain
4Centro Andaluz de Medicina del Deporte, Consejería de Cultura y Deporte, Hospital Universitario San Juan de Dios, Granada, Spain.
Address correspondence to: Nicolás Mendoza Ladrón de Guevara, PhD, Departamento de Ginecología y Obstetricia, Facultad de Medicina, University of Granada, Avd Madrid, sn. 18071 Granada, Spain, E-mail: email@example.com or Débora Godoy-Izquierdo, PhD, Departamento de Personalidad, Evaluación y Tratamiento Psicológico, Facultad de Psicología, University of Granada, Campus Universitario de Cartuja, sn. 18071 Granada, Spain, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received 25 March, 2016
Revised 20 December, 2016
Accepted 20 December, 2016
Funding/support: This research was supported by the Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación MICINN I+D+I funding (project reference: PSI2008-06288) and the financial assistance, provided to the “Psicología de la Salud/Medicina Conductual” Research Group (CTS-0267) by the Consejería de Innovación, Ciencia y Empresa, Junta de, Andalucía, Spain.
Financial disclosure/conflicts of interest: None reported.