This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of dynapenia and factors related to low dominant handgrip strength (HGS) in postmenopausal women.
A cross-sectional study was performed on 249 postmenopausal women aged 50 to 84 years. The following variables were recorded: age, age at menopause, smoking status, and the HGS measured with a digital dynamometer, body mass index, and adiposity assessed by bioelectric impedance. The physical activity level was evaluated by using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Bone mineral density was reported as T-scores, and blood biochemical parameters (calcium, phosphorus, vitamin D, and parathormone levels) were measured.
31.3% of women had dynapenia, and those aged ≥65 years had lower HGS (P < 0.001). Age at menopause was also associated with HGS, with those with menopause < 51 showing lower HGS (P = 0.005). Likewise, fat content ≥ 40%, and osteopenia/osteoporosis were also related to lower strength (P < 0.001). There was no statistically significant difference among HGS with respect to body mass index, smoking status, and plasma levels of vitamin D. A logistic regression model with lower Akaine Information Criterion showed that for every year in age and for each 1% of adiposity, women were more likely to have dynapenia with odd ratio (OR): 1.09; 95% and confidence interval (CI): 1.04 to 1.14 and OR: 1.06; 95% CI: 1.00 to 1.13, respectively. Conversely, women with higher femoral neck T-score were less likely to have dynapenia (OR: 0.53; 95% CI: 0.35-0.78).
HGS was associated with age at menopause, bone mineral density, and adiposity adjusted by age. The age and adiposity were significantly associated with a higher risk of dynapenia, whereas women with higher femoral neck T-score were less likely to have dynapenia.