The aging process in women is marked by several changes, including the transition to menopause. The evaluation of self-care management is essential and has great relevance for public health. The aim of the present study was to evaluate self-care management and associated factors in postmenopausal women.
This study was a cross-sectional study performed with 260 postmenopausal women who attended routine consultations at the Menopause Outpatient Clinic of the Hospital of the State University of Campinas-SP. Women aged 50 years or older with amenorrhea for at least 12 months were included. The women were interviewed by a researcher during the routine consultation, and the self-care agency assessment was performed using the Appraisal of Self-Care Agency Scale-Revised questionnaire.
The average total self-care score for the women in this study was 62.27 (± 9.64). Higher Appraisal of Self-Care Agency Scale-Revised scores were associated with performing outdoor activities, better self-perceived health, and a higher score on knowledge about vitamin D. Active smoking was associated with a lower self-care score.
We observed that the self-care management of postmenopausal women was satisfactory and was associated with lifestyle, self-perceived health, and knowledge about vitamin D.