Results of this work may provide some guidance for subsequent ovarian cancer screening in women with preeclampsia and provide new directions for future studies.
This study investigated the difference in cancer risk between women with preeclampsia and women with a normal pregnancy.
Electronic databases, namely PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library, were searched for relevant studies from database inception to February 4, 2021. The results are expressed as risk ratios (RRs).
The study included 13 cohort studies comprising 5,254,150 participants. The difference in the total cancer risk between the control and preeclampsia groups was statistically nonsignificant. However, breast cancer (BC) risk was lower in the preeclampsia group (RR = 0.88, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.83-0.93; I2 = 57.2%). A subgroup analysis stratified by reproductive factors demonstrated that BC risk in the preeclampsia population decreased in parous women (RR = 0.79, 95% CI = 0.72-0.87; I2 = 0%), women with full-term pregnancies (RR = 0.79, 95% CI = 0.75-0.84; I2 = 0%), and women with increasing parity. Furthermore, BC risk reduced in women with preeclampsia regardless of their menopausal status and the sex of their offspring.
Conclusions and Relevance:
Overall, women with preeclampsia have a decreased BC risk and increased ovarian cancer risk compared with the normal population. A subgroup analysis stratified by reproductive factors demonstrated that BC risk decreased in the preeclampsia population in parous women, women with full-term pregnancies, and women with increasing parity regardless of their menopausal status and the sex of their offspring.